Description

The submission period for the contest is now over, but the discussion has just begun!

Forum thread here.

The results are in:

Gold - Azalathemad
Silver - Aegix_Drakan
Bronze - NeverSilent

Congratulations to them and to everyone who took part in the contest!





This is a Community episode a contest and an experiment in game design prompted by Sviel's suggestion among the many thought-provoking comments to that article. If you don't take part in the contest for fun, fame and prizes, do it for SCIENCE.

The individual goal of the contest is to design a RPG battle system and showcase it in one or a few battles, while avoiding the usual clutter of mechanisms that is a staple of the genre, with the help of some guidelines given below.

The collective goal is to search together for the essential principles of the RPG battle - the skeleton of decisions that gives them their flavor and depth.

This is more challenging than a normal contest because it rewards creative and analytical thinking rather than just good craftsmanship. On the other hand, I believe the results could greatly improve the future games produced by the community - both in terms of unexplored strategic potential, and of streamlining battle design to make game-wide balancing (which is one of the worst problems in RPGs) considerably easier.



The three elements listed below are the fundamental aspects of RPG battling. (Explanatory figures and details hidden in spoiler tags.)

They are often obscured by overly complex systems and tons of genre conventions. The purpose of this contest to see what happens when you lay them bare. I am convinced that tons of strategic possibilities have been overlooked so far, simply because they were hard to perceive under the layers of fluff.


1) All RPG systems have a common ground: damage per turn, with the goal of killing before you are killed.

Of course, in this mock-up battle with only Attacks, 1) the hero dies first, and 2) the player is bored to tears. So we must add skills and stuff. (Randomness creates variation that you have no control over, so I won't mention it here).


2) All skills/spells/buffs/items are ways of dealing or receiving that damage faster or slower, more continuously or in bursts. They control the way that damage is concentrated or diluted over time, like pushing and pulling on a rubber band. (The basic, fully stretched state is "spamming attack" as above: not exciting but it gets you there eventually).



Problems:
- the picture above suggests that countless possibilities have never been used (there are many other ways to position and combine these arrows). The most frequent improvement is agility buffs or gaining/losing turns, i.e. ways to do more complicated actions by employing multiple skills at once. But there are lots of other ways to expand on it (see Tips & Inspirations below for ideas).

- usually, healing simply erases some of the enemy's actions in an irrecoverable way. You attack n times, I heal, you attack again, I heal => no net effect, boring. Hence the huge asymmetry in RPG battles: heroes can always heal, most enemies cannot, because there's nothing more infuriating than seeing the enemy heal and erase all your efforts.
It would be more interesting to rethink healing so that the effect of an action was never canceled, but for instance delayed, or spread over X turns, or converted into something else - still there in some form, ready to be reused by future skills.



3) MP, Limit Breaks, status conditions, multiple characters and classes are ways of allowing the player variable access to the skills over time. That's because strategy is not about the winning move, it's about progressively setting up the conditions which allow that move.



Problem: in RPGs you generally have extremely basic (un)locking conditions within the battle:
- "if I have a lot of MP, I can use all my powerful spells"
- "if this character dies/sleeps/is berserk, I lose access to their skills"
- (occasionally) "if I use a weak skill I will be able to use a stronger one next"

I think this is the aspect of RPGs that leaves the largest room for improvement by far. For a battle to have more strategy, every action you take should allow new moves and block other ones, potentially for the rest of the fight. What you can do at any given moment should be the logical product of your past actions and your enemy's, if possible in more evolved ways that a binary question like "out of mana?" or "silenced?".




This all boils down to a simple idea: if you want to encapsulate the feeling of combat, what you need is
- balance of power, represented by any gauge or number (and its evolution in time),
- seizing opportunities, represented by the diversity of available options and how you get or lose access to them.
Everything else is decorative, and there is much more freedom in how you could translate this into a system than what has ever been explored in any game so far.




- Rules with "must" are requirements.

- Rules with "should" can be transgressed at your own risk, if you think your interpretation is more clever than the original rule (feel free to contact me to talk about it).


1) Game:

- The game can be made using any software, but it must contain everything it requires to run on its own.

- You can reuse the Default Battle System in clever ways, use scripts, or make a custom system of any degree of sophistication. You won't be judged on the prettiness of the implementation, only on the strategic depth of the principles beneath.

- The entry can be a single or multiple battles long (but we will judge at most 4 or 5 battles, not 40). It should not contain any cutscene or exploration phase, unless they are entirely skippable.
=> You can make an entire game out of your system, just give the judges a way to play only the 1 to 5 battles you want to showcase.

- There can be as many or as few characters & enemies as you wish. The rules suggested here should make a 1-character 1-enemy duel as complex as a full-scale battle.

2) Skill design:

- The only gauge must be HP. You can work around this rule and make MP/AP/Limit Break equivalents using the rules below, but tons of extra points will be given to contestants who instead try to do something really new.

- There must be no randomness in the effect of an attack or skill. This contest is just an experiment in RPG tactics, so the player should be able to make elaborate plans without computing conditional probabilities in their head.

- Skills should be designed to reflect principle 2) in the Rationale section above as clearly as possible
i.e. skills are ways to change the repartition of damage over time. The effect of any skill in those terms should be very clear, to let players compare skills and conceive strategies more easily. For instance, instead of directly dealing damage, skills could change the number of times a character attacks in a turn (it's easier to compare "1 attack" with "3 attacks" than to have to chose between spells that inflict 70HP on one enemy or 10HP/turn for 4 turns on 2 enemies).


- For more points, every skill should bring something new to the table. No skill should be "the same but stronger". Each skill should provide a different way of manipulating the repartition of damage over time, that cannot be produced by using other skills.

3) Skill unlocking:

- There must be rules to determine when you can or cannot use a given skill. We are trying here not to default to a simple gauge like MP: expending mana/drinking ethers is a very binary way of implementing actions that (un)lock other actions. Ideally, every action could have:
* multiple effects in unlocking other actions (e.g. a feint opens up various attacks)
* multiple conditions for its own unlocking (e.g. an attack requires the right posture, the right distance, and the right weakness in the enemy's defense)
* multiple ways to fulfill these conditions

- As much as possible, the rules for locking/unlocking should not be special cases (e.g. Fire Sword unlocks Mega-Smash), but more general logical principles. Even better if they apply similarly to the enemies' skills!

- As much as possible, locking/unlocking should be long lasting, i.e. not only dependent on the current state of the characters, but also on past actions both by them and by their enemies.

Counter-example to these 3 points: Being "out of mana" is a locking effect that
- depends only on your current state (no matter how you reached it or what the enemy has been doing)
- affects all skills at the same time
- has no real trade-off: more mana always equals more good
- and can be canceled with a single action (drinking an Ether).
By contrast, in a typical strategy game, every time you move a piece, you are closing off some possibilities and opening new ones by combination with the positions of all other pieces, so every move along the way can play some role in your victory.


- You are free to invent the detail of these locking rules, but more points will be given if they are simple and intuitive.
Example: in board games, it's simple geometry that creates these rules (a piece/unit contributes to your tactics by blocking a line of sight, or flanking an enemy...). Here you could use some sort of spatial logic as well, or all sorts of different principles (see Tips & Inspirations below for examples).


- If you have multiple battles, there can be permanent effects transferred from one battle to the next.
i.e. "items" are skills following all the rules above, except their locking/unlocking effects are not limited to one battle (e.g. a consumable item simply locks itself permanently once used, but there could be more elaborate patterns).




General tips and suggestions:

- Anyone who has trouble with the rules can ask questions in a comment or PM. I can help with things such as checking that skills are not reducible to one another, if you want to do it the mathy way.

- "one goal=one action" is the antithesis of strategy. Every action should serve multiple goals and every goal require multiple actions. Real creativity appears when you start finding ways to control the breadth of actions at your and your enemy's disposal, trapping them into predictable moves while extending your own possibilities.

- you can draw some inspiration from CCGs like Magic the Gathering. They are in fact very close to the concepts exposed here for RPG battles: the "skill unlocking" revolves partly around drawing the cards from your deck, with special effects such as reshuffling the deck or drawing more often. Notice that most CCGs contain effects that allow to bring back cards that have already been used/discarded, which is a way of making even past actions relevant to your current tactical options.

- It could be great to have a visual aid for damage repartition/displacement over turns (perhaps a graph of damage over time, in the spirit of what I did in the Rationale section) or some other way to make the effect of any skill perfectly clear and analyzable by the player.

- A suggestion: skills could displace either the same quantity of damage (e.g. 1HP if you're going the small-numbers route), or all the damage dealt in the target turn(s) (including contributions from other skills). This will make elaborate tactics much easier to figure than having a lot of different quantities or percentages. The less math the player needs to do, the more they can make clever plans.

- How much damage is moved around by a skill should not depend on some intrinsic property of the character or the enemy (e.g. elemental weakness). We want strategies to be effective because of what the enemies have done, not because of what they are (i.e. strategy rather than a puzzle that can be solved once and for all). What will differentiate them is their inventory of skills and how they use them.

- You are allowed to "disguise" to some extent the mechanical aspects detailed above to make the game more appealing or closer in appearance to traditional RPGs, as long as damage-moving and locking rules are clearly stated in-game or in a design document included with the game.

Don't go too fancy though: the goal is to expose the skeleton of RPG battles, not bury it under fluff.


Some random starting ideas:

* Why not boil it down to a single HP bar and have each group try to push it in a different direction? (somewhat like Last Word)

* What if a single attack could kill, and the whole battle is a game of counters and feints to try to get that attack in before the enemy does? (Bushido Blade style)

* What if the "rubber band" of damage is elastic, and tends to come back to its natural state over time (so that both bursts of damage and healing progressively come undone)

* Why not use many more status conditions than usual, each one affecting some fraction of the skills (like Silence prevents Magic, but less generic), or even interacting with each other.

* For instance, why not call status conditions "stances" and use concepts from martial arts or fencing to create the skill unlocking logic? (depending on your distance, your weapon, your stance and the enemy's, you can use ground fighting, feints, throws, locks and so on)

* What if there were more categories than just allies and enemies with which to interact through the skills? (for instance neutral resources in the environment)

* For a simple extension of the DBS, you could have a number of different characters with a system for switching them in battle, then group skills that should be locked or unlocked together by giving them to the same character (or make them combos requiring multiple characters), then add conditions to access/summon that character.

* A limited component of TRPG-like motion is not forbidden (think The Reconstruction), although I'd like to see contestants tread newer ground as well.

* For multiple battles, how about having enemies who have the same brute force as you, but are programmed to have an increasingly broad range of tactical possibilities? Every encounter would actually serve the overall gameplay by teaching you how to deal with them in more and more elaborate settings, instead of being its own beast that loses all purpose once mastered.



Recommendations given in the comments section:
An episode of Retronauts literally just came out that discusses RPG battle systems.

http://www.retronauts.com/?p=846.





Anyone who wants to help me judge can let me know here or by PM, I will require their help depending on how many submissions we get. I will ask the judges to read this conversation if they haven't already, so as to have an idea of what we are looking for here.

Tentative criteria for judging:


Originality (20pts): How much does the system contribute to pushing the boundaries of the genre?

Example: Can you find ways to expand on the JRPG system that are not just adding one more gauge, or one more way to get a stat bonus?

Elegance (25pts): Is the system using as few ingredients as possible to achieve its goals in a precise way?

Example: Is each skill truly different from the others? Have you found a simpler way to achieve what usually requires 3 gauges, 10 stats and 100 different items?

Clarity (20pts): How well can the player understand the system, its strategic stakes, and the reason their actions succeed or fail?

Example: Are the effects of each action clearly labeled? Does the system avoid having the player do mental calculus to evaluate the result of their actions? Is the skill unlocking logic consistent and predictable?

Depth (25pts): How much does the system allow and reward elaborate plans, creativity and tactical intuition?

Example: Can we predict how our actions will guide the enemies' reactions, allowing us to manipulate them? Is the game more than pure HP/MP/Item attrition?

Bonus (10pts): Anything a judge finds especially worthy of praise.




I don't expect that making the game will take more than a couple of days at most; however for the sake of all people with a busy schedule, the contest will run from July 27 to August 27 23:59 EST. (however I won't mind if people get the time zone wrong)




The top 3 contestants will get to choose one of the following prizes:

(x1) Any game under 20 USD on Steam or the Humble store, because I might as well make it rain, FOR SCIENCE.

(x3) A (reasonable) drawing by yours truly. Preferably characters (fanart or original, any style), possibly simple environment shots or short multipanel gag in sketchy style. You can do whatever you want with it, use it as title screen or make a tattoo or sell it on eBay.

(x1) A cameo in my future game (hey, that works for Kickstarters. NB: I'm not really expecting anyone to pick this, but I'll give details if a winner is actually interested.)

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If Karin finds out, I'm screwed.
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Fighting to the death with Seiromem!
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Posts

Yellow Magic
Could I BE any more Chandler Bing from Friends (TM)?
3154
A bit over two weeks left and I still got nothing.

I'm sure I'll find a large block of free time and a good helping of inspiration soon. (I hope...)
Boy oh boy, when did you ever find time? You make yourself some free time.
Anyways, good luck!
author=Yellow Magic
A bit over two weeks left and I still got nothing.

I'm sure I'll find a large block of free time and a good helping of inspiration soon. (I hope...)


I know how you feel, I barely did something yet... ;-;
Yellow Magic
Could I BE any more Chandler Bing from Friends (TM)?
3154
author=Kylaila
Boy oh boy, when did you ever find time? You make yourself some free time.
Anyways, good luck!

I had a LOT of time when I didn't have to look after extended family in Denmark :( Unfortunately I'm here till September so it's touch-and-go honestly. Thanks, I'll need that luck!


@Ilan: We can do it if we try! Or something
author=Yellow Magic
@Ilan: We can do it if we try! Or something


Yeah, "or something"! That's the attitude!
I...Think I might have made my AI a little too smart.

If he's in a particular stance, and has a specific move up, he will use it to break through your "parry" state. ...But he seems to do it ALL the damn time. I've never once seen him not do it. :S

I need to rectify this...

Also, story is done, battle only mode is done, ability to save after winning the fight and then reload that save file to do ONLY the story is done, difficulty modifiers to change how much of an advantage/disadvantage you have against the boss is done...

I just need a bit more testing of the battle itself and I should be ready to submit something.
Yellow Magic
Could I BE any more Chandler Bing from Friends (TM)?
3154
author=Ilan14
Yeah, "or something"! That's the attitude!

That's my new motto ;D
I think I'm good. Just need to add some decoration to some cliffs, and I should be ready to submit. Expect something by the end of the weekend.

*goes to make a gamepage*

I hope what I have is what the judges are looking for. If not, well, no loss. I got to make a REALLY awesome short story out of this, so I'm happy about that.
I take it back now, I might not submit something. I'm pretty close, just trying to finish setting up the system so I can go back to designing the characters and skills. After that, I try to code all of that in the system I made, and then I do the enemy turn, which means AI. Then I do victory conditions. So, just in case it's too much for me in my last week of summer, I can't guarantee an entry for now :P *shrug*
CashmereCat
Self-proclaimed Puzzle Snob
11505
I want to join but, as Space Jam states, time keeps on ticking ticking ticking ticking, into the fuuuutuuuuure!
outcry>
If AI and other things like this are limiting factors, you an always submit an incomplete version without them (like a 2-player version instead), provided the base mechanics are clearly implemented. It might put you at a slight disadvantage, but you won't be the only one, and it's a good occasion to at least share your ideas and have feedback, even if you finish it only afterwards.

Honestly I greatly prefer good ideas with bad implementation to the reverse. Perhaps I should have made this a design doc contest :D
Well, I was staring at my system, convinced it was getting complicated and couldn't implement easily. However, then I looked at what I had. The player can choose to attack, set stance, and use skill. All three of those systems were already pretty much set up. Especially stance and skill. I just had to do a lot of copy and paste, because there's two common events for each character, so I can easily implement skillsets. I just finished that, so all that's left is touching-up the attack option, and then I can go back to the funnest part: designing each character. Basically after that is just switches and variables, and one common event to tie it all together, before I do AI. Basically: some renewed confidence. I'll keep working at it. If it comes down to it, a 2-player version might be best, but I have an idea how to get AI working pretty well, it might even be fun to make the conditionals, hah.
^Good luck Outcry!

~Now that you mention it, my system's is kinda similar to yours; except that I didn't do AI, and that there is no 'Attack' command in mine.


Oh yeah, guys! Despite this week (and the rest of the year <thank you very much, college (x_x)>) being quite hectic, I might actually finish my system before the deadline! My main problem now is that the internet here is much worse than at home (which was bad enough already), so I'm quite unsure whether I can upload it without going insane by staring at the loading bar for too long.

Update: I had fun making a story the enemies for the battle system. As such, I also dumped in some soulkeeper-style humour; and several easter eggs to boot.
Though I did end up making the dev-end of the program very messy, the player-end still retains the polished look that I think it had.
NeverSilent
Got any Dexreth amulets?
6133
Good luck, outcry312 and karins_soulkeeper! You can do it!

I'm actually making some decent progress with my battle system. Yeah, I'm a bit surprised myself, especially considering it's all on-map and almost entirely event-based. I must have at least 500 variables in use so far. It's probably not going to look stunning graphics-wise, but hopefully it will at least be interesting enough to qualify for the contest.

Also, isn't it funny how every team uses RPG Maker VX ACE - except me? Am I not mainstream enough for this contest? ;)
author=NeverSilent
Also, isn't it funny how every team uses RPG Maker VX ACE - except me? Am I not mainstream enough for this contest? ;)

You probably just have the patience of a god.

After getting a taste of what Ace can do, I ditched RMXP on the spot. I HATE how little control I have over stuff like damage formulas and stuff in XP. Not to mention how much better Ace handles status effects and unlocking skills and all that stuff.

It's a little sad, though, since I had a project started in XP that was pretty promising (I had a whole system of patrolling guards you could bribe set up, and they actually could notice the player while patrolling and then chase him), but I ended up ditching the whole thing because of how much I hated the battle system of XP. ...And I haven't found anything resembling a decent line-of-sight script for Ace so I can't quite recreate it. :(

"Join to the VXAce side Neversilent, and together, the galaxy will be ours to govern!"

We also got cookies!
NeverSilent
Got any Dexreth amulets?
6133
All totally valid points. Although I still think the XP RTP character graphics look way better than the blocky VX Ace ones, I immediately acknowledge VX Ace is superior in many respects. But by now I'm just so used to XP...
However, I don't really have a problem with the battle system settings since I haven't used the default battle system in years. The greatest advantage of creating your own battle system from scratch is that you have control over everything.

Edit: I resist your dark tempation, Ilan! Go back into the shadows! You shall not pass!
Well... I use RM2k3... And I don't have cookies either...

It's time to sketch again the path of my life...

Nah!
karins>
yeah it seems like it with the stances. But I have a feeling our systems will be pretty different in the end.

I'm working with a system in which each team is trying to gain 100% influence over the battlefield. Each character gets two different stances, or can stay neutral, each with their own bonuses and unlocked skills. Each character has two regular skills, two depending on the stance, and the fifth being based off more special circumstances. And finally, there's no health for each character. Using attack inflicts stagger. Basically, the attacker and defender are nulled from influence that turn, and the defender is inflicted with a stagger point. Once they reach a certain amount of points, they are knocked out for a good amount of turns, I'm thinking four, before they come back. That's the whole thing with attacking. And then skills are attributed with either Sabotage, Supportive, Offensive, or Strategic focuses.

So I'm hoping each team will have to use these different skill types, stances, using the attacking part strategically, all to try and influence the battlefield 100%. And, no matter how many people are in your party, you have three moves per turn.

Uhhh... spoiler alert!I didn't put this too late, did I?
Just waiting for my gamepage to go up, and my entry will be ready to submit. :D

In the meantime, I'm procrastinating for my finals by reviewing skill descriptions to make sure they're totally clear.